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Donald的文章集
2007年06月25日
學術論文摘要2 (語言類)
文章分類:英文翻譯
人氣:
878

 
Source Language:

神話在語文教育上的運用

摘要

    在許多現代人眼中,神話代表荒誕的無稽之談,但根據研究,神話非一時、一地、一人之作,它由民間集體創作而成,反映出民族成員的生活型態,蘊含民族特有的信仰與思維模式,形成有別於其他民族的神話特色。中國神話源自於「氣化觀」的信仰,進而演化出「天人合一」的觀念,「天人合一」是中國人特有的思維模式,對政治、社會、文學、藝術、醫學、哲學等生活層面,均產生重大影響。

  神話在教育上的價值主要體現在道德教育、審美教育與生命教育三方面,三者共同建構完滿的人生,成為一個和諧的整體。神話可透過四種途徑融入教學中:第一,在教科書中,增加神話教材的內容編輯。第二,配合地方民俗慶典與當令節慶設計統整式活動。第三,設立學習區與班級圖書室,鼓勵學生利用學習區的資源自主學習。第四,組成班級讀書會,選定主題,作深入的閱讀。神話融入語文教學預期會有下列成效:(一)培養喜歡閱讀的習慣。(二)增進語文能力的發展。(三)擴展知識見聞與生活經驗。(四)啟發思考力、想像力,增長解決問題的能力。(五)涵養良好的品格。(六)認識傳統中國文化,培養多元文化的國際觀。(七)美感的培養。

關鍵字:神話、九年一貫、語文教育


Target Language:

An Application of Mythology in Language Education

Abstract

In modern times, “Myth” is often signified as nonsense.  However, prior research indicates that myth is not a work created by one person in one place at one time.  Instead, myth belongs to folk creation, which implies the lifestyle of ethnic members as well as their own belief and thinking modes.  The distinction of ethnic cultures is thus revealed.  Chinese mythology can be traced back to the conception of Chi, from which the doctrine of “the harmony between men and nature” evolved as Chinese people’s thinking model, and moreover, served as the predominant cue for traditional Chinese politics, society, literature, art, medicine, and philosophy.

The value of instruction in mythology is built based on moral education, aesthetic education and life education, in which a harmonious organism is constructed for the purpose of the wholeness of life.  There are four approaches to mythology instruction: first, increase teaching resources regarding ancient myths in textbooks; second, take folk festival activities and festival stories as reference to integrate teaching activities; third, establish learning area and class library in order to encourage self-regulated learning; fourth, set up study groups to guide students’ further reading through a chosen topic.  The corporation of myths into language teaching is expected to help students: a) cultivate reading habits; b) improve linguistic ability; c) acquire new information and life experiences; d) raise critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving abilities; e) develop well-formed personality; f) have an international outlook and study the traditional culture of Chinese; g) nurture the aesthetic feeling.

Keyword:  mythology; grade 1-9 curriculum; language education

 

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